Monstera Care Guide
Monstera deliciosa is a species of monocotyledonous flowering plants in the family Araceae, native to southern Mexico and much of Central and South America. Common names include monstera, monstera deliciosa, or simply monstera. It is a broad vine-like plant with large, glossy leaves that grow large holes naturally as they mature.
Monstera appreciate medium to bright indirect light. They are speedy growers, and brighter light will encourage faster growth. Direct light should be avoided, as it can burn the leaves, causing yellowing and discoloration.
Low light should also be avoided, as it can cause a reaction in Monstera called ‘negative phototropism’, where the plant grows towards darkness rather than light. In Monstera’s natural tropical environment, darkness is a sign that a larger tree is present, and the plant will grow towards this darkness, in search of a larger, stronger tree on which it might be able to attach its roots and climb up to find more sunlight.
Monstera have moderate water needs, and should be allowed to dry out a bit between waterings. This plant is susceptible to overwatering, so care should be taken to ensure the plant is not watered when the soil is already moist. A loose soil blend with plenty of peat for absorbency and perlite or bark for drainage will work well.
Monstera are tropical plants which prefer temperatures between 65 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit. Cold temperatures and drafty exposures should be avoided. The humidity found in an average home will normally be sufficient for these plants, but they would love the benefit of some added humidity.
The purpose which the holes in these plants leaves serve in nature is widely debated. Some say the holes serve to allow light to reach lower leaves, while others say these holes help high wind or heavy rain to pass through the leaves without damage.